How does your system fill the gap between policy and strategy on the one hand and knowledge and skills on the other, to bring about practical - as opposed to theoretical - solutions?
In Korea, we have many ways in which we ensure that every civil servant can become and stay an expert in his or her area.
For example, the Government Officials Training Act (GOT Act) requires no fewer than 80-90+ hours of continuing education every year, which is later accounted for in performance evaluations. The Ministry of Personnel Management (MPM) establishes new guidelines every year on HRD and HRM. The Ministry of the Interior (MOI), as with many others, has internal policies relevant to its own officials for their capacity development.
As for basic issues closely connected to localities, such as land management, everything from policy and strategy to knowledge and skills exist in the scope of the local governments and their training centers, thus with no need for involvement by external authorities like the central government or LOGODI.
With regard to what we cover, the majority of our programs are short for a reason: to set aside opportunities to launch separate training sessions based on the special targets or aims identified during course execution.
What role does the central government play in enabling local governments to select the experts appropriate for their needs?
Korea’s training system is quite systematic, in that each of the 15 metropolitan areas and provinces have their own training centers, in addition to LOGODI.
Junior officials (Grades 6-9) train at their respective centers, while senior officials (Grades 3-5) can advance only through our institute, owing to our separate scope of responsibility.
Other ministries, too, have their own training centers, to focus on the exclusive needs of their officials.
As a bridge between our central and local governments, LOGODI annually convenes the heads of local training centers to collectively discuss how to develop training, making the overall process inclusive rather than authoritative. In cases where further examination may be required, we even dispatch experts to localities as needed, much like in the on-site training we conduct overseas in our international programs.